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Under construction - last update June 26, 2004 v3


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Construction Notes: The vessel and site are at this time are nearing the final preparations for a long term "Eco Charter" commercial future. These pages are not fully sorted nor are the completed upgrades full represented.

Defiance from the initial concept was a customized steel vessel capable of providing a comfortable home dockside or capable of extended voyages in cold water. In order to accomplish this I made the choice to start with an existing commercial scantling hull and then rebuild or retrofit rather than start from scratch. I did this as over the last 30 years around boats I have seen a lot of nautical looking systems that do not live up to their promise.

Custom Steel Trawler to full commercial scantlings
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Custom Design
Cliff Richardson Boats

Medford, Ontario
1973 Raked bow full keel single chine steel hull to commercial scantlings
Construction: 1/4" Corten steel
Length On Deck: 41 feet 0 " feet
Draft: 5.5 feet (fully fueled loaded 2004)
Beam: 11 feet 6 inches
Engines: 1 GM 671 N set up with small 100 hp injectors
10 knots = .75 GPH
Get Home:Diesel 1The Lister 3 cylinder is decommissioned. However all "PUP" hookups are complete with chain and shaft drive offset to sprocket interface on primary shaft.
Generator 1 diesel 3.5 KW
Fuel:Diesel 2 integral 336 imperial gallon tanks or a total of 2500 liters of diesel
Water system:
An extensive fresh water system exists with 300 gallons of fresh water, 115 water heaters, & SS marine instant heat exchanger fired by Espar producing endless hot water.
Refrigeration: 12 VDC full sized EZ Cold fridge, that works excellent refrigerator

Defiant floor plan

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We are now wintered in with most ot the deck areas covered. Now cocoon and securely strung between tactical pilings we can get back to work. Much of our life takes place under the blue top which will be covered later in the tour.

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Forward in the pilothouse the helm station has opposing doors to the decks. The forward companionway is offset to port side. The chair and large table to make a living room which is proved warm and tasty as the season changes and the wood stove glows happily.

One of the first tasks we inherited was re engineering the shifting mechanism which was amid evil torture device made of of a 6' long piece of 2" pipe working through a "Walter Mitt like" a set of transfers and chain drives to transmission. Red hit this dead on first pass coming up with a pneumatic shift that works with a fingers touch.

Above the navigation station / desk is the master control panel for all the new systems. These are the smart controls which provide detailed data on all system conditions including reserve states.

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The navigation station is exclusively dedicated as the the "Engineer's station" and the smart system center of the vessel.

To starboard, aft of the door there is a counter height hanging locker, followed by a 18" wood stove which has been fully reconditioned and new chimney with whirleygig. Aft of the stove is a settee followed by the wet bar. A L shaped settee to port with kitter litter box hidden under the seat with ventilation The aft companionway offset to starboard and down 5 steps.

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The stern of the boat is taken up by the great aft cabin which is set well down in the hull providing an easy motion in a seaway. As you descend the companionway there is a short hallway of roughly 4 feet before the cabin opens out to its full. The galley is to port while the hear to starboard at the foot of the aft companionway. The head door is so constructed as to form a door to the entire aft cabin if one requires privacy. is a round dinette flanked by two sea berths. In the center above the 200 gallon water tank are a set of drawers.

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Aft of aft engine room bulkhead, down 4 steps, the galley is set to port with a large high offence fridge mid ships. Next outboard there is a 3 burner with over stainless steel propane stove. Tucked in the back there is a fair sized work space with cupboards and a nice sized double SS sink. The galley is divided from the dinette by a butcher block divider locker below. The entire galley is large and well laid out. The stove has now ben fully rebuilt.

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The head reaches bathroom stasis, with a full sized tub and extremely nice. Thew head has been upgraded to an electric macerating version and the tub proves to be fully functional and once coupled to the new ESPAR driven instant water heater it becomes a hot tub spa for one.

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Forward is the V Berth Cabin with 2 berths set high with large storage lockers under. Aft of the berth are two hanging lockers and the forward bulkhead.

Access the engine room via a fair fixed door. V area a cabin looking aft to engine room door and companionway .

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Entering the engine room the primary 671 lies directly amidships with a massive bank of batteries extending along the starboard side of the engine. Further outboard to port lie the Heart inverter , Xantrax, Gen set and starting batteries.

One of the biggest changes we have made is the reserve DC power supply for the boat. The 24 VDC charging load produces a surge demand that can be fairly high, but the demand levels out to 10 or 11 amps when the Espar, and a couple of fans are running.

The new tool rack is in and slowly being custom organized along with the rest of the work shop corner.

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Vessel Electrical

12VDC primary/Gen starting 2 is made up of 2, group 31a, 12 VDC, located above and back of Gen set. Primary engine charging by 2 seperate 671 driven alternators.
12 VDC "House" bank:
8 batteries deep cycle HD 6VDC ,
charged by a Xantrax 60 AMP smart charger
24 VDC bank: 8HD deep cycle 6V:
"ESPAR & 24VDV":

HEART, 5000W inverter/charger
2.5 KW diesel generator
3.5 KW Coleman, portable Gen set

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This will be the final touch is proper heat.

Among the most critical systems to comfortably spend all year live aboard was a long lived fully functional heating system for the ice. This turned out to be an ESPAR 120,000 BTU hydroid furnace. Now, this is not the 35,000 BTU hot air version many boats use. This is the super system big enough to power a 3000 square foot house complete with radiant floor heating. Seen on the shrink wrapped aft deck (Lido - Blue) is the ESPAR and the newly constructed distribution manifolds which will direct the heating glycol to the radiators in the cabin.

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One of the features about Defiance that I love is how warm and secure you feel tucked away in the aft great cabin. It can be howling up a heck of a gale outside and there is little but the working of lines to announce mother natures presence.

Drain Considerations:
The down side of this sort of submarine living is that the original drains are too close to the waterline to drain well and are for the moment completely unsafe for ice conditions. My solution was to add a drain sump for both sinks and the bath that acts a first demand reservoir for the head flush. Once the correct level is reached a high capacity Rule pump, pumps it out. As the Listed is decommissioned I use Arctic pipe inside of the old blister exhaust to route the drain to the stern where it exists via the original Lister pipe.

The advantage of this is that it provides me another relatively watertight compartment with independant automatic pumping facilities. I stroke the green folk by not discharging as much grey water and close up 3 more holes in the hull.

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I am afraid that the prior owner made Walter Mitty look smart. His concept of wiring and "to sec" non existing. I spent most of the winter ripping out long abandoned wiring and upgrading the rats nest that was the engine room,

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Going high tech required a lot of power for the furnace and other new systems as I am tired of killing expensive batteries. Having this much reserve power and generation created it's own catch 22 as the entire thing makes considerable hydrogen. To sole the day to day issue I created a 115 AC blower that runs quietly all the time. When the new battery boxes go in they are individually vented.

Each of the registers has its own 12 or 24VDC feed which required a common buss not part of the panel.

There is no question that the hydronic furnace is the way to go. Perhaps not the model 35 with 120,000 BTU's that IU have as it will roast you off the boat with the doors open in -40. Over the summer I will change the orifice to roughly 60% the size which should make the eat more managable and cut the fuel bill in half.

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Trying to get a grip on the boats systems and document it has come a long way. There is developing a properly organized manual and trouble shooting guide.

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On Sunday Chris cut out a section of the Lister exhaust in the galley which gives me fore aft access for more hoses.


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I have yet to install the 12V Blue Sea high end 8 breaker panel 

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For a updated daily page concerning the ESPAR go here.